Peas are annual plants that belong to the legume family. They are consumed in the form of grain, but also in sprouts because of their high content of vitamin A and C.
When are the peas planted?
Sowing time: The peas are sown during autumn and winter.
Collection: Its will depend on the planting season, if these were planted in the fall, the peas will be ready for harvesting in the spring, while if they were sown during the winter the harvest will be in summer.
[su_pullquote]Tips: Planting peas early will prevent their overlap in time with their most common pests.[/su_pullquote]
How are the peas planted?
Planting frame: 30 cm x 30 cm
Type of planting: Direct sowing in the soil, placing 3 or 4 seeds, covering them with 3 or 4 cm of soil.
What varieties of peas can be grown?
Alderman: Plant of 150 cm of straight pods of 12 cm in length with 9-10 grains. Rustic and very productive, it is necessary to train.
Lincoln-ganxo: Plant 65-75 cm high and bluish green. Pods 9-10 cm long with 8-10 seeds.
Vainon: Plant 80-90 cm high. Practically straight pods 13 cm long with 10-11 very coarse grains. Very productive plant.
What do you need to grow peas successfully?
Peas grow well in practically any type of soil, although their optimum development occurs in soils with a pH between 5.5 and 6.8. It adapts well to all types of soil, although its favorites are the fresh, fluffy and well-drained soils. Like the rest of the legumes, the peas also fix atmospheric nitrogen, so they do not need large inputs of fertilizers.
One of the most important points and at the same time in which less attention is paid is irrigation. Try that the soil where the plant is always wet and not waterlogged. This simple but effective advice helps prevent the appearance of fungi such as powdery mildew and ensures the proper development of the roots.
They are a crop that likes cool temperatures, to be more exact, the peas grow very well between 15 and 23ºC. They are also able to grow at temperatures above 23°C, but without expressing their fullness or being as productive as they are at lower temperatures.
[su_pullquote]Tips: If frosts have been predicted it will be advisable to cover the plant, peas tolerate temperatures below 7ºC, but their flowers and pods do not. Avoid growing peas where in past seasons other legumes (such as beans) have been planted. Establishing a system of rotation of crops.[/su_pullquote]
What can be grown with peas?
As we have said before, planning the garden and establishing a crop rotation system will help us prevent future problems. We leave you a series of good and bad companions of the garden for the peas.
Good: eggplant, broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce, corn, radish, carrot.
Bad: garlic, onion, bean, kidney bean, potato, pepper, leek, tomato.
How to germinate peas faster?
Immersing the seeds in water one day before sowing will advance the germination, avoiding the deterioration of it once in the soil and the putrefaction of the first roots. Rapid germination is essential to avoid problems.
What types of pot needed to grow peas?
The limiting factor when growing potted peas is the volume of the container. So that the plant grows without limitations it will be necessary to use pots whose volume is equal to or greater than 19 liters.
[su_pullquote]Tips: An organic mulch will reduce the evaporation of the water present in the substrate of the pot, thereby reducing the frequency of irrigation and encouraging water savings. It will be as simple as covering the substrate with a layer of straw or with newspaper.[/su_pullquote]
Common pests in peas
As there is no 100% pest-free crop, we will list the most common insects that can cause pests in pea crops.
Affects the whole plant, making it more vulnerable and sensitive. They have a greater presence at the end of winter. Potassium soap is one of the most effective ecological treatments against aphids.
It is a small dark butterfly that lays its eggs on the blooming peas. The problem is caused by the caterpillars that are born from the eggs deposited when feeding on the beans of the pods. It requires a double treatment, neem oil for the butterfly and bacillus thuringiensis to fight the caterpillar.
It is a beetle that feeds on leaves. Unlike adults, larvae live in the soil, where they affect the root nodules of the plant. In this case, the best treatment is an early planting of the pea, in this way we avoid that the plant and the beetle coincide in time.
Common pea diseases
It is a whitish fungus that reduces vitality and diminishes the production of peas. Factors such as humidity and wind help the fungus to spread to the rest of the bushes. Treatments based on horsetail and propolis are very effective.
The fungus that appears as a yellowish spot with dark edges. The treatment is the same as for powdery mildew.
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