Farming your own tomato garden is simple. This wise article will guide you how to grow tomatoes at home and learn just a couple of plants will reward you with plenty of delicious tomatoes in the summer.
Best Way To Grow Tomatoes
More or less all tomato varieties are red although other colors are possible including green, yellow, orange, pink, black, brown, white, and purple.
How To Grow Tomatoes At Home From Seed
Growing tomato from seed is a great way to discover new diversities. Tomato seed is normally scattered 68 weeks before the last blight date (March/April) although they can be shown earlier for greenhouse cultivation.
Spray your tomato seed thinly on the surface of good quality seed fertilizer.
Mask the seed with about 1.5mm (1/16in) of compost and water lightly with a watering can. If you require only a few plants then sow two seeds into a 7.5cm (3in) pot and after germination removes the smaller plant.
The seeds generally sprout in about 7 to 14 days at a temperature of around 21C (70F). Preserve the moist fertilizer, but be careful not to overwater as wet conditions can animate “damping off disease” and other molds.
Pot on the tomato seedlings when big enough to handle, be careful not to touch the stem. Knob the plants by the leaves and plant them carefully into 7.5 centimeters pots.
Don’t expose the plants to frost, cold winds and draughts as this may kill them.
Tomato Plants Care and Look after
Herb growers have developed hundreds of different tomato varieties. Typical red fruited varieties are most popular, but cherry, pear, and plumtype tomatoes are also available as well as varieties with pink, yellow.
Farming diseaseresistant varieties are the only way to avoid certain pest problems. Defiance to verticillium wilt and fusarium wilt is indicated by the letters V and F after the variety name.
These soil-based fungus attack roots of many varieties and plug the waterconducting tissues, causing the plants to wilt. The letter T expresses resistance to tobacco mosaic virus.
This defect does not kill tomatoes, but it stops their growth and can reduce the net production of fruit by as much as 25 percent. Obstruction to root knot nematodes is indicated by the letter N.
Sources of Seed and Transplants:
Plants ordered from other states via the internet are in the risk to have diseases like tomato yellow leafcurl virus or other diseases not found in our area.
Preserving seed from hybrid tomatoes to plant the following year is not recommended.
How To Grow Tomatoes at Home in a Greenhouse:
Farming tomatoes indoors can mean an earlier crop. If you want to produce greenhouse tomatoes then plant recommended varieties such as ‘Sungold’, ‘Money Maker’or ‘Country Taste’.
If you’re planting tomatoes to make soups and sauces with then tomato ‘Roma VF’ is the variety for you. Scatter as directed on the individual nut packet.
This is generally from February onwards and in 7.5cm (3in) pots. When you are planting into your greenhouse border make sure that you have dug in plenty of garden fertilizer during the winter.
It’ll assist the plants to avoid soil pests and root disorders becoming a problem.
Growing Tomatoes Outdoors:
If you want to grow outdoor tomatoes, select recommended range of such as ‘Gardeners Delight’, ‘Money Maker’ or ‘Sweet Olive’. You have to halt until approximately 68 weeks before the last frost is estimated.
And finally, after all, the risk of frost has passed, precisely plant the young plants when they are1520cm tall and the flowers are just beginning to open.
If you are planting into your boundary make sure you have dug in plenty of garden compost during the winter.
Just before planting, rake in a general purpose fertilizer, Remember, Plants: tomatoes are hungry plants!
Taking Care of Plants:
- Water the plants generously for the first few days.
Provide water to the plants throughout growing season, about 2 inches in every during the summer.
- Apply compost five weeks after transplanting to retain moisture.
- Through periods of scarcity, gather some flat rocks and place one next to every plant. This will pull up water from under the terrain and keep it from vaporizing into the air.
- Pollinate two weeks prior to first picking and again two weeks after first picking.
- If you use stakes, prune plants by pinching off suckers so that only a small number of stems are growing per stake.
- Be sure to practice crop rotation in every year to prevent diseases that may have over wintered.
Tomato Plant Problems:
One of the most frequent and dangerous problems when growing tomatoes is “tomato blight”, which advances quickly throughout the plant in wet weather, resulting in the plant to die and the fruits to decay.
The syndromes are brown patches on all parts of the plant. It is mainly found in tomatoes growing outside than tomatoes growing in a greenhouse.
You can rule out this infection by spraying “Bordeaux Mixture” on your plants in early summer. Planting “blight resistant” tomato varieties will also help to defeat this fungal disease.
It is mainly found in tomatoes growing outside than tomatoes growing in a greenhouse. You can rule out this infection by spraying “Bordeaux Mixture” on your plants in early summer.
Planting “blight resistant” tomato varieties will also help to defeat this fungal disease.
Most tomato fruit problems are caused by sporadic watering. Various examples such as ‘Blossom End Rot’ (dark patch at the paltry of the fruit, more typical if the plant is grown in a grow bag), ‘Blossom Drop’ (flower bud falls off), ‘Dry Set’ (fruitlet production stops when the fruit is the size of a matchhead), and ‘Fruit Splitting’.
The solution is to give your tomatoes a daily amount of water at the base of the plant. Be careful because too much water too late tends to be the problem in almost every cases, especially with plants grown in pots and grow bags.
Tomato Plant diseases and Pests
Green and white fly – both can spread viruses. To prevent this, carefully spray with a recommended insecticide as soon as any pest is noticed or for organic gardening use a natural pest control.
Farming marigolds such as ‘Tomato Growing Secret’ and related flowers will attract beneficial insects that will eat the pests.
Tomato Plant Problems Yellow Leaves
When “leaf yellowing” starts on the older leaves of the tomato plant and moves upwards it may not be a virus but a deficiency of magnesium.
It is a simple problem which is not severe if the plant is otherwise vigorous. It can be mitigated by using a special magnesium feed if required but this is not essential.
Planting tomatoes as per the neighborhood date of last ice is an easy decision. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you need to get powerful about it, consider the position of the moon and stars.
Biodynamic producers are exceedingly sensitive to vast impacts in farming and plant as indicated by a yearly logbook in light of heavenly occasions.
Rancher’s chronological registries have generally been founded on the same marvel. For instance, the present Farmer’s Almanac says that March 24 and 25, are repulsive times for planting any seeds, however, suggests April 3 for tomato planting specifically.
Go along with us again at the beginning of May for section two of the arrangement, where we’ll lay out the better purposes of “solidifying off” the seedlings, setting up the dirt and giving your delicate seedlings simply the right juju to become extravagantly and productively through the midyear.