Do you want to know how to plant strawberries at home but do not know where to start? Do not worry, strawberries are one of those grateful crops, that with a couple of basic cares and a couple of rules (very simple) to take into account, will reward you with the richest strawberries you’ve ever tasted.
How to grow strawberries in pots
The best strawberries that you can try are those grown at home, it allows you to grow them fresh and at the optimum moment of ripening, for sale in the supermarket they tend to get a little green (otherwise they would not arrive in good condition to the consumer) which prevents the strawberry from producing all the sugar it can produce, the more sugar a strawberry produces, the more strawberry flavor it has.
Choose the best variety of strawberries
There are many varieties of strawberries, each one with different flowering times, some bloom once a year, others spend all year giving flowers. But I do not really want to go into that, the first time I planted strawberries I had no idea what variety I was buying, and the truth is that they came out great.
Over time, I have been trying new varieties, but never for this type of characteristics (how many times they bloom, or if they give strawberries in March or May). I have always chosen varieties that were difficult to find in the supermarket, or because they have attracted my attention because of their shape or color, or simply because someone has told me that their taste is excellent.
Do not mess with these things, care for all varieties are practically the same, choose the one that catches your attention or the most illusion you do.
My favorites are super small, but they compensate with a very intense flavor, they are very productive, and also, if you do not have any light, they are the best. They are practically impossible to find in supermarkets because they do not keep anything well, you have to eat them the same day you take them.
Difficult to find in the super, this strawberry has an incredible flavor, I planted it a year by chance and it excited me. It is medium in size and gives many strawberries from spring to autumn.
The classic, fleshy, large and well-preserved, you can have a few days in the fridge (if you hold without eating) Your taste grown at home has nothing to do with the super, as they are ripe and ready to eat . The super advantage of this variety is that it is fluorescent, which means that it will give you several harvests.
Here, more varieties:
Framberry: A delicious forest variety, it looks raspberry.
Anablanca: They have a light pineapple flavor, very delicious, and they are white. In my garden a couple of seasons ago I always have some.
Planting and growing strawberries
They can take a long time to germinate and it is complicated. It is not recommended for novices in the garden. If you still decide to do it, you should arm yourself with patience and take into account certain aspects of strawberry planting:
- The sowing is done in the nursery in times where the temperatures are warm or cold since the seeds need some cold to germinate.
- You will increase the chances of germination success if you put the seeds in the freezer a couple of weeks before.
The best time of the transplant depends on the variety that we have chosen, but generally, it goes from early spring to autumn. It is preferable to cut all the flowers and stolons to strengthen the plants at the time of transplant.
General tips for transplant:
- At the time of the transplant, it is important to take into account the depth to which the crown is buried, if you bury it too much, it is likely to rot. Look at the drawing below to understand the depth of the transplant.
- Do not transplant strawberries where you put aubergines, peppers or tomatoes before since they are sensitive to the same pests as these.
- To favor drainage you can add a little agricultural sand or vermiculite to the bench where you are going to transplant.
- The space between strawberry or strawberry plants recommended is about 30 cm, but the truth is that in small spaces can be reduced to 20 without problems.
How to grow strawberry
He likes the soil with good drainage and especially organic matter in abundance. Remember to add a good amount of hummus before planting your strawberry.
When choosing the place for your strawberries, it is important to take into account their great predilection for acid soils, with a pH between 5 and 6. Especially important if the plan is to plant them in the soil, we must try to avoid doing so on soils calcareous, since they can not absorb iron well through the roots.
Do you want to know if your soil is calcareous? Take a little soil and pour a few drops of vinegar … If bubbling do you have an affirmative answer? If it is your case, choose better to grow them in a pot.
Strawberries like the sun, so choose a sunny place, with about 7 hours of direct sunlight. However, although it is a great lover of the sun, it tolerates shade well enough, yes, its production will be much smaller.
- -12ºC in its vegetative phase. This means that their stems and leaves will survive during the winter in places where the temperatures do not drop below -12 ºC, their flowers and fruits will, but they will bloom again in the spring. So if you live in areas where winter is hard, do not worry, strawberries are too.
- 0 ºC in the flowering phase. Here you can have problems if you live in areas where there may be sudden frosts in late winter and early spring, as a drop below 0 ° C will kill flowers and fruits. To avoid this, place a greenhouse during the months of February and March.
- Optimal temperature, 10-13ºC night and 18-22ºC diurnal.
Pots to plant strawberries
The strawberries need a minimum of 2.5 liters of the substrate to develop the roots well, although the optimum is to give them a little more, 3.5-4 per plant, so they will be more productive.
This pot is the perfect size to plant strawberries at home, also has a system of self-watering, which keeps the substrate moist for longer, which strawberries whistle them.
Although strawberries are a perennial type plant, it should be replaced every two or three years, since over time their production decreases and they become weaker against possible pests. The good thing is that as they are producing stolons they can be replaced with their own “daughters”.
Strawberries are very easy to propagate. It is not necessary to buy new plants when we want to replace them. They can be reproduced by stolon or by the division of bushes.
Stolon reproduction is very simple. The strawberries generate them precisely with this function. The stolons look like stems, but they are much longer and have a kind of “mini plant” on the end. All that is needed is to fix this end to the ground so that it can take root. Once you have rooted you can cut the stem that joins the “mother plant.”
Eye, if what interests you is that the plant focuses on giving many strawberries, it is advisable to remove the stolons that are produced, so the plant focuses all its energy on the generation of fruit.
Care of the fruits
When the strawberries begin to appear it is very useful to put a layer of about five centimeters of clean straw. This protects strawberries from mud splashes when it rains or is watered and the fruit does not come in contact with the ground. This prevents the fruit from rotting, which is what usually happens when the strawberry comes in contact with soil moisture.
It is convenient to collect the strawberries on dry days and when they are fully ripe, as they come out. You only have to enjoy one of the most grateful crops in the garden!
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