This summer I started to guide you How to Plant Turmeric at Home. These two plants will be part of my interior garden, and will enjoy a sunny corner in my living room permanently. They are two plants that adapt very well to indoor cultivation if you place them in a bright area, they give good harvests with little maintenance and, furthermore, they are tremendously beautiful, they could be used simply as an ornamental plant.
I began to get many questions about the cultivation of these two plants, especially turmeric. So I have compiled a good amount of information about your crop so that you can also get to work.
How to plant and grow turmeric
Things you need to know if you want to plant turmeric
- It is a tropical plant
- Can not stand less than 15 degrees of temperature.
- He likes bright area but the light must be indirect, that does not give him the sun.
- It is perfect to grow indoors or in an area with some shade in the garden in temperate climates.
- It blooms in summer.
- It takes 10 months from sowing to harvest
- Harvest: the rhizomes are removed and boiled. Then they are left to dry in a cool and dry place.
How to plant turmeric step by step
When to germinate turmeric
If you grow indoors and you have a bright area where you can place it, you can do it all year round. If you are going to grow it outdoors it is better to germinate it during the winter in the interior and take it out around March-April.
Turmeric germination process
To force the germination, you can place the rhizomes in a dish with water, to me this system works very well, we simply add a little finger of water to the dish, when it dries I leave a couple of days without water and then I add again.
In cooler areas or seasons, where the water does not evaporate, simply vaporize the rhizome a couple of times a day, do not add water as they do not like to spend too much time soaking. The objective of this is to prevent mold from coming out since in that case, the rhizome would not be useful.
Once they have germinated, which can vary greatly depending on the season and the humidity even of the state of dormancy in which the plant is found (usually from a few days to a month) it has to be transplanted.
The plant can be made up to 1 meter high, which will require a large pot (about 30 cm in diameter is ideal). But for the first phases, I recommend you make the first transplant to a small pot, wider than deep. It will be easier to keep moisture controlled and move it from one place to another until the plant is well established.
Once it has a considerable size and a few leaves. We can transplant it to its final pot.
When I was investigating the transplant, I saw that there were people who transplanted the rhizome. But I’ve always found that the plant goes much faster when you let it stick its head out. He likes to have some light.
Care of turmeric while growing
He likes a humid environment but not puddled. Terracotta pots work perfectly, especially indoors, as they allow better aeration. And you know, always always, the pots with holes in the base. Do not let the soil dry between waterings.
It likes a soil rich in organic matter, but an excess of nitrogen fertilizer will cause it to develop few rhizomes. The best solution is to use earthworm humus or compost periodically to provide the fertilizer you need.
- Option 1: Earthworm humus or balanced organic fertilizer diluted in irrigation for two weeks.
- Option 2: A handful of solid earthworm humus or compost on the substrate once a month.
Place the plant in a bright area, but without direct sunlight or the leaves will start to burn.
The turmeric plant does not usually have pest problems. The only thing that can happen during the germination process is the following:
- That does not germinate.
- That rhizome mold
In both cases, it means that the rhizome was not in a state of dormancy, but had dried too much and was no longer viable to germinate. In both cases what you have to do is discard it and try again with another.
The harvest of turmeric
Turmeric is ready to harvest when the leaves and stem begin to turn brown and dry, this usually occurs around 7-10 months after sowing, which is when the dormant period begins. But do not worry, after a few months, the plant will re-sprout as if nothing had happened.
If it is the first year that you cultivate turmeric, and you meet any of the following conditions:
- Indoor crops
- In your area, the soil does not freeze in the winter months.
I recommend you do not harvest the rhizomes, simply cut the stems and let your plant “sleep” during the winter months. In this way, you will be able to establish it and obtain many more crops in subsequent years.
Take the stem and start, will come out easily dragging the rhizomes. Do not harvest everything and leave a few rhizomes in the pot or on the ground, they will be happy to sprout again in a few months. For those rhizomes that you leave in the pot, you can cut the stems, which remain dry and withered during the months of dormancy.
With the rhizomes that you have harvested, cut the stems a couple of centimeters above the mass of rhizomes and wash them well.
How to preserve turmeric
You can freeze the rhizomes or keep them in the refrigerator in an airtight topper.
So that it lasts an eternity and a little more you can make your own turmeric powder. Put the freshly washed rhizomes in a pot of water and bring to a boil. Cook over low heat until you can easily pierce them with a fork (depending on their size, this can take 45 to 60 minutes or more). Drain the cooked rhizomes and let them cool a little. Then, rub them with your fingers to remove the skin.
Cut them into slices and let them dry in the sun or with a food dehydrator at 140 degrees until they are fragile and break when trying to bend them.
Once dehydrated, it is very easy to make them powder with a mortar.
By the way, this whole process is best done with gloves, otherwise, you’ll end up with yellow fingers
You May Also Read: How to Protect Plants from Winter