Let no one is offended by the novice adjective! I committed myself (and for that we are going to deceive ourselves, some still commit them) errors, and blunders, when I started to sowing my own seeds.
Some are quite obvious, others are tricks that I have seen that facilitate the task to people without experience (ideal also for beginners who begin to collaborate in the garden and for already experts who want to make life a little easier). Here they go!
Top 5 Gardening Mistakes of Sowing
Error 1: The nurseries need a lot of light
Obvious truth? Well it is one of the mistakes that most initiated commit, in which I include myself. When you are sowing indoors, natural light is sometimes not enough (especially in the months of December, January, and February) which is necessary to compensate with some artificial light, the ideal is to use a programmer so you do not forget to Turn the light on and off when you play.
Error 2: The substrate and the fertilizer
The nurseries need very specific humidity conditions: a substrate that is permanently moist but does not become waterlogged. This often causes death by asphyxia of the roots or by fungal or bacterial diseases. The ideal? Using a specific substrate for seedbeds, they are usually lighter due to their porosity, which allows them to function as sponges while avoiding puddles and keeping them aerated. Avoid using soil, as it compacts a lot and also usually contains bacteria and fungi that, for grown plants are innocuous, but for seedbeds can be lethal.
The substrate for seedbeds is also low in nutrients since the seeds have everything necessary to germinate. It is only when they generate their first true leaves when we must apply the fertilizer. You will notice that its growth accelerates! The idea is to use one rich in amino acids or nitrogen (which is responsible for producing those amino acids), this is the most appropriate fertilizer for this stage since it favors the vegetative development.
Error 3: Use too small containers or sets
This is not an error in itself, but it makes the job very difficult. Small seedbeds dry earlier and have less resistance to temperature changes, which can lead to premature death of plants if we are not very careful. Ideally, use individual seedbeds of about 6cm in minimum diameter, retain more water, the roots will develop better and will be more stable in terms of temperature. To give you an idea, the size of a container of yogurt is the minimum necessary.
Error 4: Do not water enough
Another mistake that I sometimes continue to make .. the seedbeds need much more continuous irrigation than the plants already established. Keeping the substrate moist is paramount for good development. A trick that I have learned these years is to use containers of the same size since in this way the periodicity with which they need water is the same. Another tip: put them in a busy room, they are much less easy to forget if you see them!
Error 5: Plant the seeds very deep
Think about the route a seed has to take until it reaches the surface, do not make it harder! There is a fairly simple rule to ensure that we do not bury them too much, the seeds should be buried at a depth 2-3 times their size, so the smaller they are, the shallower they should be.
Do you want to know more sowing tips?
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They are the container where the seeds are planted, they can be plastic, paper or peat. The most important thing when choosing seedbeds is that you use them all of the same sizes so that they make the irrigation task as easy as possible.
Personal recommendation: I, in my urban garden, always use seedbeds that I can transplant together with the plant, that is, biodegradable as peat or paper. By not having to remove them from the pot at the time of transplant, the roots remain protected throughout the process.
Greenhouses – Germinators
The nurseries need a constant and stable temperature and humidity. That is why it is advisable to use germination that maintains these conditions throughout the process.
The seeds should be indicated for the sowing season in which you are (No, it is not worth planting tomatoes in the fall).
Provides fertilizer to the nurseries when they leave the first leaves and a few days before the transplant, will provide strength and vigor to survive the change and thus avoid the transplant shock.
And you? Have you ever made these sowing mistakes? I sincerely believe that I will have committed all of them once … I hope that, if you have not committed any of them, this post will help you avoid them and start your garden with a good start this year.
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