Stone Retaining walls is a rigid structure which is used to withstand the lateral pressure of a material to prevent it from sliding away or eroding.
Such kinds of walls are generally used to hold back soil on sloping landscapes. In other words, retaining walls can be said to provide lateral support to vertical slopes of soil thereby preventing collapse.
What is a Natural Stone Retaining Walls?
Natural stone retaining walls feature cut stones of various sizes and shapes which are stacked together. Mortar or any other adhesive material is not used to hold the stones together. The stones fit with each other by virtue of friction and weight.
This kind of retaining wall can be made using different types of stones of varied colors which makes it aesthetically pleasing. Natural stones come in a plethora of options suitable for all kinds of gardens and yards.
Natural stone retaining walls are widely used all over the world due to the natural look they impart to the landscape. Such walls also allow the free passage of water which prevents excess pressure build-up on the wall.
Natural stone retaining walls can last for more than 100 years as evidenced by many such walls standing intact in the present time which were built more than a century ago.
Types of Natural Stones
There are many kinds of stones which can be used for the construction of retaining walls.
Granite is a natural stone which is reddish in color. Granite is a heavy stone which makes it highly suitable for holding back soil of greater weight and force. It is commonly used for making large retaining walls. Granite can also be cut with precision than another kind of stones. Apart from strength, the superior aesthetics of granite also makes it a popular retaining wall stone.
Limestone is not as heavy as granite and this is the reason why large-sized limestone stones are used to construct retaining walls. Limestone is available in various types which are of various color shades such as White Fond Du Lac limestone and Chilton limestone with blue and red tints. Limestone can be cut into any size and shape. The cost of limestone is less than granite.
Fieldstone is rounded in shape and available in many sizes ranging from small sized stones to large boulders. The cost of fieldstone is cheap if it is locally available.
Apart from natural stones, we can also use artificial stones for constructing retaining walls.
Concrete is used to build high strength retaining walls on steep slopes. Concrete is very strong and is available in many sizes and shapes. Retaining walls made of concrete feature blocks of concrete stacked on top of each other which are secured with the help of pins, clips or interlocking edges.
Concrete stones can be colored according to the look of the garden or yard. Concrete retaining walls are perfect for people who want a modern looking retaining wall on their premises.
Faux stone is made of concrete but appears like a natural stone. Faux stones are available in standard sizes and can be perfectly interlocked with other stones. The retaining walls made of faux stones possess high strength and are suitable for use in unstable landscapes having loose soil.
Building stone retaining walls requires more skills and expertise as compared to other kinds of retaining walls. The task of building a stone retaining wall is also time-consuming. Stone retaining walls can be of three types such as rubble walls, cut stone walls, and boulder walls.
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